Lead survives better underwater than in the open air and can
give us a lot of information about the material, shape and type
of break of the cramp that it held. Thus, the analysis of the
fastening lead of the Pharos site rests upon three elements:
The fastening cavity on the block.
The lead, medium of the system, that allows
for the reconstitution of the shape of the cavity and the
The cramp, whose shape is stamped in the
At this stage of the study, it is still uncertain
whether the slots and the fastening leads are examples of purely
Greek or Egyptian technique or indeed a mixture of the two. In
fact, if it is taken that the construction of Alexandria and its
buildings was Hellenistic, we, never the less, know nothing about
the craftsmen and workers who laboured under the orders of such
patrons as Sostratos of Cnidus. If their experiences cannot be
felt through the visible elements or culturally representative
decorations of a construction from the beginning of the period
of Macedonian colonisation, they could perhaps be expressed within
the techniques employed by an Egyptian savoir-faire. Thus the
applied techniques might show the influence of Egyptian builders.
Given that granite was the material of choice for the Egyptians,
it could be that construction techniques developed over the millennia
before the Greeks came to influence these latter in their adaptation
to this new material.